Every country has its own interests with respect to the space race. India, the US, Russia, China, Canada, Japan, and so many major countries have dedicated space agencies. The objective of these agencies is not only to explore space but also to make life easy for earthlings.
Space plays a major role in everyday life. From your television to mobile internet everything is controlled by the devices produced and deployed by these larger space agencies. The satellites, rockets, launch vehicles, and infinite of things these agencies make for the greater good.
In this article, let's explore the major space agencies around the world.
1. ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization)
ISRO is an Indian Space, Research organization headquartered in Bengaluru, India. It was founded on 15 August 1969 by Dr, Vikram Sarabhai, The annual budget allocated for ISRO is about ISRO is 1.7 billion US dollars, The organization is managed by the Department of Space, India.
2. NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration)
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an American space research organization. It was founded on 29 July 1958. It is headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States. It operates multiple subsidiaries such as NASA Johnson Space Center.
Roscosmos is a Russian space research organization. It was founded on the 25th of February 1992. Multiple subsidiaries are operated by Roscosmos such as Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center, Glavkosmos, TsNIIMash, etc.
4. JAXA (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency)
JAXA is a Japanese national air and space agency. It was founded on 1 October 2003. The annual budget spent for the financial year 2021 is about ¥212.4 billion. It is headquartered in Chōfu, Tokyo, Japan.
5. CNSA (China National Space Administration)
The Chinese space agency CNSA was founded on 22 April 1993. It is headquartered in Haidian, Beijing. It is operated by the Chinese Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.
The annual budget for CNSA was US$8.9 billion in 2020. Zhang Kejian the current director of CNSA. Administrators of CNSA are appointed by the State Council.
6. ESA (European Space Agency)
ESA is an intergovernmental organization. It consists of 22 member states interested in space exploration. It was founded on 30 May 1975. It is headquartered in Paris, France. The annual budget allocated for the year 2022 is about €7.2 billion in 2022.
7. CSA (Canadian Space Agency)
CSA is the national space agency of Canada. It was founded on the 1st of March 1989. The annual budget spent for the financial year 2019 was CA$421.1 million.